Friday, 16 December 2016

Notes on other Edinburgh Strikes/ Riots

f National League of the Blind and Disabled, Edinburgh Branch, 1943-1975;

Letter-book of the Secretary of the Edinburgh Union Society of Journeymen Bookbinders

he Transport and General Workers' Union, Brewery Branch, Edinburgh

Tranent Massacre 1797.

Navvies riot against police, Dalkeith 1840.

1842 Miners' riots.

1846 Masons' strike, Haymarket railway

1855 Meadows riot opens it for a road

Midlothian Free Miners' Society

Midlothian farmworkers' union

See references:-

'Hard Work, ye ken': Midlothian Women Farm Workers. Edited by Ian MacDougall. Pp. xiv, 98. Edinburgh, Canongate Academic. 1993.

arm workers in Scotland had attempted to establish a union throughout the agricultural "boom" years of the 1860's and early 1870's.

A Farm Servants' Protection Association was formed at Slateford, Edinburgh in 1865 and many other local farm labourers unions appeared in areas such as Kinross, Forfar, Perth,Kincardine, Stirling, Clackmannan,Peebles,Roxburgh, Berwickand East Lothian and as a result wages were improved and seems to have finally ended the "bondager system" on many farms.

1873 Miners Strike

Sat 12th June 1881 Police station bomb attack, Loanhead allegedly by Irish nationalists. Iron pipe bomb attack. Members of Jeremiah Rossa's group.

1889 Cabdrivers' strike  - Was it in Edinburgh????
Scottish carters' strike

Masons strike for an 8-hour day

Masons strike against wage cuts

1911 Leith dock strike

1911- School children strikes

eptember 2011 saw the hundredth anniversary of a series of little known school strikes that occurred across Britain during a year of unprecedented industrial militancy. Schools around the country emptied as pupils refused to obey teachers, organised massed truancies or downed their books and pencils and took to the high streets with banners and slogans.
The trouble began in imitation of a wave of trade union action that had erupted that summer in Southampton, and widened to places such as Hull and Liverpool where there was a general strike. The school strikes soon spread to 62 towns around Britain – from Dunbar to Peterborough and from Ancoats to Colchester.
All the major cities, including Hull, Liverpool, Bristol, Birmingham and Manchester, had to close schools, and in London and the suburbs there were spontaneous strikes at Enfield, Islington, Hoxton, Fulham, East Ham and Deptford.
The strike in Hull started on 12 September at St Mary’s Roman Catholic school, where 12 of the older boys decided to walk out during morning lessons. By the afternoon the whole school had emptied, and the crowd at the gates was denouncing “too much work” and shouting “blackleg” at laggards still in class.
n the end I was able to draw up a list of sixty-two towns at which there were childrens strikes in September 1911. Here is the list: Ancoats, Ardwick, Aston-under-Lyne, Aberdeen, Airdrie, Bradford, Birkenhead, Barrow, Birmingham, Barnsley, Blackburn, Bristol, Burton-on-Trent, Blyth, Choetham, Coventry, Colchester, Clyde Bank, Dublin, Deroy, Darlington, Dumbarton, Dunbar, Folkestone, Greenock, Halifax, Hartlepool, Hull, Hyde, Leeds, Leith, Llanelly, London, Montrose, Manchester, Galashiels, Nottingham, Glasgow, Goole, Grantham, Grimsby, Miles, Platting, Northampton, Newcastle, Gateshead, Middlesbrough,, Oldham, Paisley, Peterborough, Portsmouth, Runcorn, Sheffield, Kircaldy, Stockport, Stockton, Sunderland, Southampton, Liverpool, Stoke-on-Trent, West, Leicester, York,

Schoolchildren formed committees and painted inflammatory banners, organised mass meetings, picketed and attacked "scabs" who entered the school gates.

This was certainly not the only time schoolchildren have had enough. There was a wave of strikes as early as 1889. Banners were emblazoned with "no cane" and other libertarian slogans and schoolboys then had worn red liberty caps and flown the red flag. Moral outrage followed, with the educational press in apoplexy: "Schoolboy strikers ... are simply rebels – obedience is the first rule of school life ... school strikes are therefore not merely acts of disobedience but a reversal of the primary purpose of schools – they are on a par with a strike in the army or navy ... they are manifestations of a serious deterioration in the moral fibre of the rising generation ... they will prove dangerous centres of moral contamination."

On September 12, 1911, pupils called for a reduction in school hours, no homework, the abolition of corporal punishment, better heating, free meals and the lowering of the leaving age.

The youngsters picketed schools, booed and held banners. They ­brandished sticks or toy guns and called those children who wanted to return to school “scabs” and “blacklegs”

1912 miners strike

Protests against nuclear energy


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