Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Reply to criticism of anarchism as not chaos.

"Anarchy is not anarchy if all it does is supply a new set of rules to replace the old ones - no matter how the new rules are formulated."




Anarchism is opposition to hierarchy, oppression, exploitation and privilege.

Anarchy is the condition of being in such a society i.e. a society systematically and institutionally opposed in practice to such things.

Anarchy is not chaos but bottom up organization. Absence of organisation does not lead to positive things for humanity. Disorganisation does not breed liberty or equality but opens the way to tyranny and exploitation.

Anarchy will of course include rules because it will involve organisation. Anarchy is not chaos.

How the rules are formulated is very important. It determines whether ordinary people are in control of their lives or whether distanced politicians/ capitalists/ WTO etc etc decide their lives for them. 


Society needs and involves organisation and organisations to function.

To fight against oppression you need organisation if you are to have a longer term campaign.


To fight a revolution you need to be organised into organisations since the state,capitalism etc is always organised and often well organised having done what they do for centuries.

To reject organisation is to wish failure on the revolution and resistance to oppression, it's to argue for ineffectiveness.


 

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

The SNP implementing Budget cuts.

The NHS in Scotland is devolved and controlled by the Scottish Government. Therefore NHS cuts are SNP policy and cannot be blamed on Westminster.





From the Scottish Anti-cuts Alliance:-

"The SNP Scottish government implemented the Con-Dem cuts with a savage cuts budget in February. The result is a £1.3 billion reduction in funding for public services in Scotland for 2011/12. Further cuts of another £2 billion are planned over the next three years. The consequences for jobs, services and working conditions are horrendous. Thursday 10th February – so-called Super Thursday – saw the majority of Scotland’s councils set cuts budgets amounting to the slashing of more than £500 million from local government over the next year. "

"Aberdeen the SNP/Lib Dem coalition demanded a 5% pay cut on all workers over £21,000 a year: when this was rightly rejected by the trade unions, the council then came back with a proposal for 900 compulsory redundancies and been forced to back down. Fife, the SNP/Lib Dem coalition voted to privatise all the council’s residential care homes. Renfrewshire the SNP led council proposed to axe 60 teachers posts and replace them with lower paid, less qualified staff. SACA welcomes the decision of Scottish Unison in December to call on elected politicians to set needs budgets and to support coordinated strike by public sector unions against cuts. It’s about time that elected politicians refused to make cuts and do what councillors did in Poplar, Clay Cross and Liverpool in the past and refuse to inflict Tory cuts on our communities."


Or else where...

"Local authorities across Scotland are being forced to make cuts in mental health and wellbeing services as a result of the SNP’s budget settlement for local government. SAMH told the Scottish Parliament’s finance committee in August 2009 that: “ we do not think that all of the challenges facing our services are directly caused by the recession: the removal of ring-fencing from mental health and Supporting People budgets has also had an effect… some local authorities are implementing necessary cuts in a short-sighted and possibly counterproductive manner… affecting its ability to provide services to communities… £2.7 million of apparently arbitrary funding cuts, made without appropriate planning or assessment of needs… they affect the service users whom we support. The problems also extend to health boards: last year SAMH was forced to close a successful service in Ayrshire after the local NHS Board withdrew funding, with little consultation with service users. We are now closing a service in Dundee following the withdrawal of funding; which involves £242,000 worth of budget cuts and affects 9 staff and 400 service users.”"


http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/10415954/Scottish-councils-increase-charges-for-elderly-care-and-parking.html - Scotland’s local authorities are increasing charges for services such as elderly care and parking to plug a shortfall in their finances partly caused by the council tax freeze, according to an official report published today.

Around 40 per cent of the charges are paid for social work care, in particular by pensioners who rely on services such as home care, meals on wheels and emergency alarms



Scotland: fight against austerity, against established politics

"a vote for the SNP is no way forward for the independence movement. The SNP are already implementing cuts. Just the other day, the SNP-controlled Dundee council announced a further £8 million worth of public service cuts. Remember: it’s not what they say, it’s what they DO that actually matters."



John Swinney’s determination to implement the ConDem cuts was summed up by his comments: “The government’s obviously operating within a very constrained fiscal environment. We place a requirement on public authorities and public bodies to operate ever more efficiently, and that will lie at the heart of the budget propositions that we take forward.”



Addressing the impact of the Council Tax freeze, Midwinter concludes:
“The result has been 40,000 job loses, cuts in services and increased charges. In addition, the Scottish government transferred a number of high-profile anti-poverty grants into council overall spending – meaning that they can spend it on what they like. These included the Community Regeneration Fund of £113m, the Supporting People Fund of £384m and the Fairer Scotland Fund of £145m.
“There have also been cuts in the housing and regeneration budget of £307m and Education Maintenance Allowance of £15m. The result is that about £1bn of targeted spend on poverty has disappeared. Despite the deputy first minister claiming in 2008 that her government would ‘address the root causes of poverty once and for all’, poverty levels have increased since then.


 
"the latest figures from the Institute for Fiscal Studies show that the SNP Scottish Government will slash NHS spending by 1 per cent in real terms between 2009-10 and 2015-16, while England increases it by 4 per cent.
The Scottish Government’s own figures show the NHS cut its food and drink budget from £32.6million to £29.7million last year"
 

"Neil Findlay, Local Labour MSP has said resources should be targeted at protecting frontline NHS staff, after a report from an independent health economist showed that NHS Lothian is being forced to cut a further £27m over the next year."

"The report states that health boards intend to make savings through “programmes to improve … workforce efficiency” and warns that “could be frontline as well”.
Across Scotland, it has been frontline staff that has borne the brunt of the SNP cuts with over 4,500 NHS staff losing their jobs, including more than 2,000 nurses, since 2009."


The Scottish Parliament Information Centre analysis on the health budget confirms that the total NHS budget in Scotland will be cut by £319m in real terms over the budget period (2011-12 to 14-15). Extracted from: http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/FinancialScrutiny/SB11-71b.xls (see Table 1.06 – Health)  


 

 

If ww2 was really about anti-fascism then why was the west pro-fascist before ww2?

  • The west did not care much about Franco's advance in the 1930s
  • The US had Japanese, Italian and German 'Internment camps'-concentration camps essentially- during World war 2.
  • WW2 involved co-opted the working class into support for capitalism and the bosses. WW2 representing if not the beginning then the increase in bureaucratic unions where union hierarchies operate as collaborators with the bosses and capitalists.
  • During ww2 strikes were suppressed.
  • Guns before butter policy
  • There was plenty working class radical anti-fascist movements and resistance e.g. Edelweiss Pirates.

"The real lesson of the Second World War was that it crushed the independent organisations of the working class. In the Axis countries they were taken apart, before being re-made as company unions by the occupying powers. In the Allied countries, unions lost their independence and became recruiting sergeants for the war effort"

The Allies used forced labour, too. Forty-eight thousand men aged 18 to 25 were sent down Britain's mines between 1943 and 1948. 21,000 seventeen year-olds were forced to dig. They were called the 'Bevin Boys' after Labour Minister Ernest Bevin. One in every ten that were called up for National Service in the Army were sent to the mines – after their ID numbers were ‘pulled out of Ernie Bevin's hat'. More than a third appealed, and a few were jailed for refusing.32 Conscientious Objectors, if they managed to convince a board of their sincerity, would then be forced to work in mines or on the land (composer Michael Tippet was jailed for three months for refusing)."

"
In Britain, the deal between labour and government was different from the German one. Instead of just coercion, the government and the bosses got the leaders of the trade unions onside. The trade union officials' support for the war was strong. Engineers' Union (AEU) president Jack Tanner – who had fought bitter battles with employers in the first world war - was thrilled:
Quote:
This is an engineer's war [...] It is a machine war with a vengeance. Whether it is in the anti-aircraft defences or the machines on land and sea, or in the sky, it is the engineer who stands behind them all"



That imperialist pig Winston Churchill, today still celebrated as an “anti-fascist”, enthused over Mussolini’s fascists in 1927 with the declaration: “Hereafter no great nation will be unprovided with an ultimate means of protection against the cancerous growth of Bolshevism”

"It was only when German imperialism, militarised under Hitler, re-emerged as an imperialist competitor to be reckoned with that the “democracies” began to be hostile to the Nazis. For all the capitalist countries involved, the second world war was no different in character from the first world war. It was an interimperialist struggle for redividing the booty of capitalist profits. The imperialist states of both the Nazi-allied Axis powers and the Allied “democracies” all fought to defend their “right” to oppress and exploit the masses of the world. "


The internment of Japanese Americans was the World War II confinement of between 110,000 and 120,000.

"President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized the internment with Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, which allowed local military commanders to designate "military areas" from which "any or all persons may be excluded." This power was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire West Coast, including all of California and much of Oregon, Washington and Arizona, except for those in government camps.[7] Approximately 5,000 "voluntarily" relocated outside the exclusion zone,[8] and some 5,500 community leaders arrested after Pearl Harbor were already in custody,[9] but the majority of mainland Japanese Americans were "evacuated" from their West Coast homes over the spring of 1942. The United States Census Bureau assisted the internment efforts by providing confidential neighborhood information on Japanese Americans. The Bureau denied its role for decades, but it was finally proven in 2007.[10][11] In 1944, the Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the removal when Fred Korematsu's appeal for violating an exclusion order was struck down.[12] The Court limited its decision to the validity of the exclusion orders, avoiding the issue of the incarceration of U.S. citizens"


"In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed into law the Civil Liberties Act, which apologized for the internment on behalf of the U.S. government and authorized a payment of $20,000 to each individual camp survivor. The legislation admitted that government actions were based on "race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership"


"On January 2, the Joint Immigration Committee of the California Legislature sent a manifesto to California newspapers which attacked "the ethnic Japanese," who it alleged were "totally unassimilable."[31] This manifesto further argued that all people of Japanese heritage were loyal subjects of the Emperor of Japan; Japanese language schools, furthermore, according to the manifesto, were bastions of racism which advanced doctrines of Japanese racial superiority.[31]
The manifesto was backed by the Native Sons and Daughters of the Golden West and the California Department of the American Legion, which in January demanded that all Japanese with dual citizenship be placed in concentration camps.[31] Internment was not limited to those who had been to Japan, but included a small number of German and Italian enemy aliens"

"Those that were as little as 1/16 Japanese could be placed in internment camps.[32] There is evidence supporting the argument that the measures were racially motivated, rather than a military necessity. Bendetsen, promoted to colonel, said in 1942 "I am determined that if they have one drop of Japanese blood in them, they must go to camp."




Franco:


"His government was recognised as legitimate by the French and the British in February 1939. In April 1939, America recognised Franco as head of Spain."

"Thursday 30 March 1939guardian.co.uk Mr. Chamberlain announced in the House of Commons yesterday the British Government's decision to recognise unconditionally the Franco authorities as the legal Government in Spain. "


"In 1955, John Foster Dulles, America’s highly influential Secretary of State, visited him. During the Cold War, Franco was seen as a safe bet against any spread of communism in western Europe."


 
"On 15 August, the United Kingdom banned exports of war materiel to Spain"
The United Kingdom proclaimed itself neutral; however, the British establishment were strongly anti-communist and tended to prefer a Nationalist victory. The ambassador to Spain, Sir Henry Chilton, believed that a victory for Franco was in the establishment's best interests and worked to support the Nationalists. British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden publicly maintained the official policy of non-intervention but privately expressed a preference for a Nationalist victory. Eden also testified that his government "preferred a Rebel victory to a Republican victory."
 
"Despite this, the British government discouraged activity by its ordinary citizens supporting either side."
 
"The United Kingdom and France recognised the Nationalist government on 27 February.[61] Clement Attlee criticised the way it had been agreed, calling it 'a gross betrayal... two and a half years of hypocritical pretence of non-intervention'"
 
 
"With World War II, the mythology of Fascism was enriched by a new element. This conflict was the necessary solution to problems both economic (crash of 1929) and social (unruly working class which, although non-revolutionary, had to be disciplined). World War II could be depicted as a war against totalitarianism in the form of fascism. This interpretation has endured, and the constant recall by the victors of 1945 of the Nazi atrocities serves to justify the war by giving it the character of a humanitarian crusade. Everything, even the atomic bomb, could be justified against such a barbarous enemy. This justification is, however, no more credible than the demagogy of the Nazis, who claimed to struggle against capitalism and Western plutocracy. The “democratic” forces included in their ranks a State as totalitarian and bloody as Hitler’s Germany: Stalin’s Soviet Union, with its penal code prescribing the death penalty from the age of twelve.Everyone knows as well that the Allies resorted to similar methods of terror and extermination whenever they saw the need (strategic bombing etc.). The West waited until the Cold War to denounce the Soviet camps."
 
 
 
 
  • World War II: a people's war? - Howard Zinn - Critical analysis of the idea that World War II was really a "people's war" against fascism, as opposed to just another inter-imperialist conflict with nothing to offer working people.
  • How the Allied multinationals supplied Nazi Germany throughout World War II - Article on how, behind the patriotic propaganda encouraging the working class to slaughter each other, international big business quietly kept profits growing across all borders.
  • World war as class war - James Heartfield - Article documenting the pitiless subordination of people to production on all sides of that crisis, and argues against the idea that the war tipped the scales in the favour of the working class.
  • Unpatriotic History of the Second World War - James Heartfield - 'Sixty million people died in the Second World War ... a war between imperialist powers to decide which among them would rule over the world, a division of the spoils of empire'.

  • Armageddon: The Reality Behind the Distortions, Myths, Lies, and Illusions of World War II - Clive Ponting - Examination of World War II debunks many of the convenient myths that have grown up about the conflict, using irrefutable statistics and facts garnered from a wide variety of sources.
  • Churchill - Clive Ponting - Book challenging the Churchill myth, declaring that much of the accepted interpretation of Churchill's life stems from his own writings about himself, and, using more recent source material, questions his competence as a war leader and his true level of popularity.
  • The People as Enemy: The Leaders' Hidden Agenda in WWII - John Spritzler - Spritzler shows that Allied war aims were not democracy and self-determination, but were, as wars generally are, opportunities to suppress class rebellion.
  • In Our Time: The Chamberlain-Hitler Collusion - Clement Leibovitz and Alvin Finkel - On the cynical collaboration between the UK government and the Nazis in the 1930s.
  • A Higher Form Of Killing: The Secret History of Chemical and Biological Warfare - Robert Harris and Jeremy Paxman - Harris and Paxman's (yes, that Paxman!) classic account of how the US and the British planned to use poison gas and anthrax to exterminate vast numbers of German civilians.
  • Winston Churchill and the "Second Front": A Reappraisal - Tuvia Ben-Moshe - This article shows how Churchill's war strategy was determined by British soldiers' reluctance to fight another bloody world war.
  • Brute Force: Allied Strategy and Tactics in the Second World War - John Ellis - Ellis shows how the Allies won the war, not because of democratic principles or clever strategies, but simply because they could inflict more destruction on their enemies than their enemies could on them.
  • Churchills's Secret War: The British Empire and the Ravaging of India During World War II - Madhusree Mukerjee - Mukerjee shows how Churchill was quite as indifferent to mass death in his Empire as Hitler and Stalin were in theirs.
  • War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War - John Dower - Dower writes of the atrocities committed by both sides in the Pacific War.
  • The Meaning of the Second World War - Ernest Mandel - Classic Trotskyist account of the war.
  • Crimes and Mercies: The Fate of German Civilians Under Allied Occupation 1944-1950 - James Bacque - Bacque’s estimates of the numbers of Germans that died due to Allied post-war policies are exaggerations. But the quotes and other facts he comes up with are very shocking.

  •  
     
     
    Howard Zinn:-
     
    The poet Archibald MacLeish, then an Assistant Secretary of State, spoke critically of what he saw in the postwar world: "As things are now going, the peace we will make, the peace we seem to be making, will be a peace of oil, a peace of gold, a peace of shipping, a peace, in brief . . . without moral purpose or human interest . . ."

           During the war, England and the United States set up the International Monetary Fund to regulate international exchanges of currency; voting would be proportional to capital contributed, so American dominance would be assured. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development was set up, supposedly to help reconstruct war-destroyed areas, but one of its first objectives was, in its own words, "to promote foreign investment."

           The economic aid countries would need after the war was already seen in political terms: Averell Harriman, ambassador to Russia, said in early 1944: "Economic assistance is one of the most effective weapons at our disposal to influence European political events in the direction we desire,.. ."
      Was the war being fought to establish that Hitler was wrong in his ideas of white Nordic supremacy over "inferior" races? The United States' armed forces were segregated by race. When troops were jammed onto the Queen Mary in early 1945 to go to combat duty in the European theater, the blacks were stowed down in the depths of the ship near the engine room, as far as possible from the fresh air of the deck, in a bizarre reminder of the slave voyages of old.

    The Red Cross, with government approval, separated the blood donations of black and white. It was, ironically, a black physician named Charles Drew who developed the blood bank system. He was put in charge of the wartime donations, and then fired when he tried to end blood segregation. Despite the urgent need for wartime labor, blacks were still being discriminated against for jobs. A spokesman for a West Coast aviation plant said: "The Negro will be considered only as janitors and in other similar capacities. . .. Regardless of their training as aircraft workers, we will not employ them." Roosevelt never did anything to enforce the orders of the Eair Employment Practices Commission he had set up.

     Franklin D. Roosevelt did not share this frenzy, but he calmly signed Executive Order 9066, in February 1942, giving the army the power, without warrants or indictments or hearings, to arrest every Japanese-American on the West Coast-110,000 men, women, and children-to take them from their homes, transport them to camps far into the interior, and keep them there under prison conditions. Three-fourths of these were Nisei-children horn in the United States of Japanese parents and therefore American citizens. The other fourth-the Issei, born in Japan-were barred by law from becoming citizens. In 1944 the Supreme Court upheld the forced evacuation on the grounds of military necessity. The Japanese remained in those camps for over three years.

    These German bombings were very small compared with the British and American bombings of German cities. In January 1943 the Allies met at Casablanca and agreed on large-scale air attacks to achieve "the destruction and dislocation of the German military, industrial and economic system and the undermining of the morale of the German people to the point where their capacity for armed resistance is fatally weakened." And so, the saturation bombing of German cities began-with thousand -plane raids on Cologne, Essen, Frankfurt, Hamburg. The English flew at night with no pretense of aiming at "military" targets; the Americans flew in the daytime and pretended precision, but bombing from high altitudes made that impossible. The climax of this terror bombing was the bombing of Dresden in early 1945, in which the tremendous heat generated by the bombs created a vacuum into which fire leaped swiftly in a great firestorm through the city. More than 100,000 died in Dresden. (Winston Churchill, in his wartime memoirs, confined himself to this account of the incident: "We made a heavy raid in the latter month on Dresden, then a centre of communication of Germany's Eastern Front") 

    The United States Strategic Bombing Survey, set up by the War Department in 1944 to study the results of aerial attacks in the war, interviewed hundreds of Japanese civilian and military leaders after Japan surrendered, and reported just after the war:
    Based on a detailed investigation of all the facts and supported by the testimony of the surviving Japanese leaders involved, it is the Survey's opinion that certainly prior to 31 December 1945, and in all probability prior to 1 November 1945, Japan would have surrendered even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped, even if Russia had not entered the war, and even if no invasion had been planned or contemplated.


    Revealed: victims of UK's cold war torture camp




     

    Thoughts on Anarchist Strategy.

    • Against Armchair Anarchism:
    1.  Anarchists should avoid theorising but not acting.
    2. Anarchists should avoid becoming or being ivory tower intellectuals and while theory is important it should not and must not pass into the point of being academic.
    3. Anarchists should avoid becoming insular or being lifestylist or just being a hobby for intellectuals or activism becoming a lifestyle.
    4. Anarchist should engage with people where struggles are occurring BUT without compromising their principles.
    • There's nothing wrong with discussion of potential anarchist societies but no blue prints must be layed out and it is more important to focus on existing struggles and try to encourage them onto revolutionary paths.
    • Whenever and wherever we can act with others who are not anarchists for common goals that does not require us to compromise our principles we should try to do so.
    • Scottish anarchists should engage with disappointed Yes and No voters post referendum and encourage them to see that their desire for social justice could not be achieved by the means they've used so far. Obviously this requires different approaches in different contexts and with different audiences.
    • Visual presence at broad protest or public events is important.
    • Anarchists should not oppose Marxism completely. Anarchists should seek to learn from libertarian tendencies of Marxism.  It is my belief that properly understood and taken to their proper conclusions that anarchism and Marxism are the same thing.
    • Anarchists should learn from useful economic understandings of libertarian Marxists, especially Autonomists.
    • Anarchists must consider that capitalism is different and so resistance must be different in this current post-Fordist age.
    • Anarchists should seek to form a culture of resistance.
    • Anarchist should study past successes(however limited) such as Seattle 99, May 1968, Balcombe anti-fracking, Occupy, Spanish Revolution etc.
    • Anarchists should not join any organisations which require or would mean a compromise of their principles. This is difficult to judge beforehand in an abstract manner.
    • Anarchists should spread their ideas in the most straightforward manner with as little jargon as possible.
    • Anarchists should be cautious in supporting the PKK. We should accept their are differences in the composition of the group. But we shouldn't just embrace them wholeheartedly as having the same politics as us. They are good insofar as they oppose ISIS but beyond that how good they are is questionable.
    • Anarchists should never ever be Entryist.
    • It is worthwhile working with non-anarchists or reformists until such time as it becomes a problem e.g. requires compromising principles.
    • When a organisation's goal become contradictory due to the presence of reformists and revolutionaries then the group either must split or abolish itself otherwise everyone's energy will be wasted. A good example of how this can hinder a groups ability to function is many Occupy camps.
    • Like Errico Malatesta, I believe there is nothing wrong with working for reform as long as you keep pushing for revolution and do not stop with reforms when you get them.
    • Keep in touch with allies- especially in the anti-authoritarian left.
    • Coordinate. Communicate.
    • Educate. Spread the word. Have a visible presence. Public Outreach and presence.
    • By doing things people see that resistance is possible.
    • Actively seek out people who are having problems especially at work?
    • Drop in centre for would be organizers or workers or people with problems?
    • Go where struggles are going on. We can't stay in our anarcho bubble. We can't ignore struggles going on. We can critically engage with them.
    • "Fight where you are".




    Tuesday, 4 November 2014

    My Issues with the official Remembrance Day.

    What is remembrance day really about?  It is a selective kind of remembrance or more properly a certain kind of forgetting. What we're encouraged to remember is carefully crafted to suggest national unity and everyone all in it together against a foreign enemy.  It is a myth without any grounding in fact. This is not accidentally perpetuated but a deliberation omission by the ruling class. Whoever controls the past controls the present. Whoever writes the history has the final say.

    What is forgotten is the internal divisions and conflicts within society during that period(and continuing today) driven by those with wealth and power.  What is forgotten is how the world war 1 period was racked by strikes, mutinies, and the desire for revolution.

    It is forgotten that in 1915 there were the Glasgow rent strikes or that soldiers before, during and after World War 1 rebelled, shirked, resisted and mutinied in many different regions. It is forgotten that significant numbers of people in those times desired a revolutionary change of society.

    the official narrative of Remembrance day demands a carefully selected interpretation of history one which fits with the needs and desires of oppressive power structures but fails to remember very much.
    Surely it is a dishonour to the many innocent who gave their lives.

    Those who fail to remember the past are doomed to repeat it is often said. It seems remembrance day embodies this truth. Despite countless remembrance day and repeated insistences that it is about remembering the futility of war, the wars continue and militarism is still rampant.

    The military are treated with absolute reverence and any criticism of them amounts of being inhuman. There is a warrior cult surrounding them.

    If you truly support the troops there is only one real position for you to take and that is to be anti-war, to demand that the troops are returned home.

    If the troops really were fighting for our freedoms, they would turn their weapons on the oppressors instead of chasing the often the dark fantasies of elites who are either imagined fears or who were created by those very elites themselves.

    The only war that is worth fighting is the war for ourselves , the class war, the war against all oppressor for the people's control over society directly.

    I would much rather 'betray'  'my' country than betray my class which means to side with the oppressors against the oppressed.

    The Military has always been a tool of the ruling classes for oppressing those who sought to disrupt the status quo  from the diggers, to those resisting the highland clearances to The battle of George Square to the General strike of 1926. The military's function is to protect the power and profits of the ruling class domestically and abroad. The military does not exist to fight for freedom. It never has, does not at present and never will!

    Soldiers are to be pitied as victims of those with wealth and power. Soldiers are to be honoured when they resisted and rejected their roles as soldiers and became conscious of how they are or were using as tools by elites.

     

    Sunday, 2 November 2014

    During WW1 1914-1918.

    A reality check on the myth of World War 1 as a period of "pulling together" , of national unity, patriotism and of "we're all in this together".  As always when it comes from the politicians and bosses this was a load of lies.

    During the World War 1 Period of 1914-1918:-

    * Rudolf Rocker was imprisoned in Alexandra Palace during the war and deported in 1918.
    *Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman imprisoned under the US' Espionage Act in 1917.
    *Errico Malatesta consistently denounced World War 1 in writing both in 1914 and 1916 for Freedom.
    *During ww1 Wobblies from the IWW suppressed, arrested and killed.

    * 1914 saw  "3,000 unemployed demonstrate in Detroit; IWW gains control of Unemployed Convention in San Francisco. New York unemployed, led by Wobbly Frank Tannenbaum, occupy churches; Union Square unemployed riot. Sioux City, Iowa, free speech fight by the IWW."

    *Christmas Truce of 1914

    * 1915,  Joe Hill is executed in Utah by Copper Bosses.

    * January 15th 1915: Wobbly Ralph Chaplin completes his song Solidarity Forever,

    * Mary Barbour headed the Glasgow Rent strikes of 1915 with 'Barbours army' as they were called.

    * The Industrial Workers of the World(IWW) voted  in the 1916 convention  and  released an anti-war resolution saying " We, the Industrial Workers of the World, in convention assembled, hereby re-affirm our adherence to the principles of industrial unionism, and rededicate ourselves to the unflinching, unfaltering prosecution of the struggle for the abolition of wage slavery and the realization of our ideals in Industrial Democracy.

    With the European war for conquest and exploitation raging and destroying our lives, class consciousness and the unity of the workers, and the ever-growing agitation for military preparedness clouding the main issues and delaying the realization of our ultimate aim with patriotic and therefore capitalistic aspirations, we openly declare ourselves the determined opponents of all nationalistic sectionalism, or patriotism, and the militarism preached and supported by our one enemy, the capitalist class.

    We condemn all wars, and for the prevention of such, we proclaim the anti-militaristic propaganda in time of peace, thus promoting class solidarity among the workers of the entire world, and, in time of war, the general strike, in all industries.
    We extend assurances of both moral and material support to all workers who suffer at the hands of the capitalist class for their adherence to these principles, and call on all workers to unite themselves with us, that the reign of the exploiters may cease, and this earth be made fair through the establishment of industrial democracy."

    * 1916- The Everett Massacre, Frank Little Murdered,  Australian Wobblies tried for opposing conscription and the IWW outlawed.

    * 1917: The Etaples Mutiny,

    * French Army Mutinies of 1917.

    *The London transport women workers' strike  1918.

    * November 13th 1918 Mutiny in Shoreham.

    *4,000 troops demonstrated at Dover, in support of the Folkestone mutiny.   


    * 1919 Southhampton : 20,000 soldiers went on strike and took over the docks.
    * January 1919: RAF BIGGIN Hill:  Soldiers went on strike. "At the end of January 1919, the men of the Army Ordnance and Mechanical Transport sections at the Val de Lievre camp called a mass meeting which decided to mutiny."January 1919 there were mutinies on the mine-sweepers at Rosyth.
    *three thousand demonstrating troops marched on Whitehall in February 1919. At Battersea, troops of the Army Service Corps went on strike. They were joined by Service Corps men in Camberwell and Kempton Park.
    * March 1919 Kinmel Park Riots by Soldiers.


    *May 1919 Soldiers Riot in Aldershot with some carrying the red flag.

    *1919 Luton: Riots by ex-servicemen against the hypocrisy of the establishment.



    * Putkowski states that there were over 300,000 courts martials between 1914 and 1920 and he estimates that about 250,000 British troops were involved in ‘strikes, demonstrations and other forms of direct action on an unprecedented scale’ towards the end of the war.

    * Alexander Berkman said of World War 1,   "The ‘war for democracy’, the ‘war to end war’ proved the greatest sham in history. As a matter of fact, it started a chain of new wars not yet ended. It has since been admitted, even by Wilson himself, that the war served no purpose except to reap vast profits for Big Business. The World War built huge fortunes for the lords of finance — and tombs for the workers.......In times of peace you slave in field and factory, in war you serve as cannon fodder — all for the greater glory of your masters"

    *  Harry Patch(RIP) the last (until recently) surviving soldier of ww1 stated "I felt then, as I feel now, that the politicians who took us to war should have been given the guns and told to settle their differences themselves, instead of organising nothing better than legalised mass murder"

    *The First World War was ended by heroes but not by soldiers 'fighting for their countries' but by the working class fighting for their class.

    Here’s a black poppy for this Remembrance Day. 




    This goes out to those who who died in, and all those who resisted and continue to resist, the capitalists’ wars. To those who mutinied, went on strike, shirked, refused to kill. For all those they executed for deserting. No more “future soldiers” or sycophantic, slavish patriotism.  Let’s take the fight to the bosses! For disobedience and class war!



    Luton Riots-
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luton_Town_Hall
    http://libcom.org/history/1919-the-luton-riots